24 Januari 2010

Information Question (Wh-question dan How)

Wh-question dan How Adalah pertanyaan yang menanyakan informasi dengan menggunakan Question Words (kata tanya). Sering disebut dengan Wh-question karena semua kata tanya diawali dengan Wh-, kecuali How. Yang termasuk Question Words (QW) adalah: What, Who, Whom, Whose, Why, Where, When, Which dan How.

Pola umum:

- W Question

QW + aux + S + verb + Object/Complement ?

1. What (apa)
Menanyakan nama benda, nama orang atau jenis profesi.
~ What is that? That is an apple.
~ What are you? I am a soldier.
~ What is your name? My name is Suyono.

2. Who (siapa)
Menanyakan orang sebagai pelaku/subject.
Memiliki rumus khusus:
Who + verb + O ? atau Who + to be + S ?
~ Who are you? I am Joko Pinurbo.
~ Who writes the letter? Martin does.
~ Who is very beautiful? Agnes Monica is very beautiful.

3. Whom (siapa)
Menanyakan orang sebagai object.
Whom do you meet? I meet Inul Daratista.
Whom is she looking for? She is looking for Suyono.

4. Whose (milik siapa)
Menanyakan pemilik suatu benda.
~ Whose bag is this? This is my bag.
~ Whose sister is the girl? She is my sister.

5. Why (mengapa)
Menanyakan alasan atau penyebab terjadinya sesuatu.
~ Why do you come late? Because I missed the bus this morning.
~ Why is Mrs. Julia very healthy? Because she does sport every morning.
~ Why do you love me? Because you are very rich.

6. Where (di mana)
Menanyakan tempat.
~ Where does Alicia study? She studies in SMPN 03 Wonogiri.
~ Where do you go every day? I go to school every day.
~ Where is the library? The library is beside the hall.

7. When (kapan)
Menanyakan waktu.
~ When does Alfian get up? He gets up at five o’clock every morning.
~ When did you go to Eromoko? I go to Eromoko last week.
~ When do you go to school? I go to school at 06.30.

8. Which (yang mana)
Menanyakann pilihan.
~ Which is your car? My car is the red one.
~ Which is his sister? His sister is the girl in blue jacket.

- H Question
9. How (bagaimana)
Menanyakan kondisi atau keadaan.
~ How are you? I’m fine. Thanks.
~ How is Reyna’s school? Her school is large and clean.

10. How many (berapa banyak)
Menanyakan jumlah (jika yang ditanyakan berupa countable nouns/kata benda yang bisa dihitung).
~ How many students are there in the class? There are forty students.
~ How many brother do you have? I have three brothers.

11. How much (berapa banyak)
Menanyakan jumlah (jika yang ditanyakan berupa uncountable nouns/kata benda yang tak bisa dihitung).
How much money does it cost? It costs one thousand rupiah.
How much sugar do you want? A spoon of sugar, please.

12. How often (berapa sering)
Menanyakan seberapa sering orang melakukan sesuatu.
~ How often does Anita go to Malaysia? She goes to Malaysia twice a week.
~ How often do you speak to your father? I speak to him every day.
Bisa juga menggunakan How many times.
How many times do you eat? I eat three times a day.

13. How far (berapa jauh)
Menanyakan jarak suatu tempat dengan tempat lainnya.
~ How far is this school from your house? It’s about 5 kilometers.

14. How old (berapa umur/usia)
Menanyakan usia seseorang.
~ How old are you? I am 20 years old.
~ How old is Mrs. Rena? She is 37 years old.

15. How long (berapa lama)
Menanyakan lama waktu.
~ How long have you lived in Jogja? I have lived in Jogja for Five years.

16. How deep (berapa dalam)
~ How deep is the river? It’s about five meters.
~ How deep can he dive? He can dive 20 meters deep.

17. How tall (berapa tinggi)
Menanyakan tinggi orang.
~ How tall are you? I am 165 cm tall.
~ How tall is Mr. Jack? He is 189 cm tall.

18. How high (berapa tinggi)
Menanyakan tinggi suatu benda.
~ How high is the mountain? It’s about 3686 meters high.
~ How high is the tree? It’s about 4 meters high.

sumber: google, wiki